Hindu marriages join two individuals for life so that they can pursue dharma, artha, and kama (physical desires). It is a fusion of two individuals as husband and wife which is recognized by law. In Hinduism, marriage is followed by traditional rituals for completion.
Types of marriages in India
The Rakshasha and Paisacha weddings are religiously impermissible.
Indian weddings are full of rituals. Rituals with a deep meaning hidden inside. Here are some rituals in Indian weddings which are common in all states and almost followed in each religion but are known by different names.
Non-Indians find it hard to believe the range of ceremonies in weddings and how it involves so many rituals for an act as simple as exchanging a pair of rings. But such is the Indian marriages– not only the bride and groom but also families are involved in all the aspects of the wedding.
The Punjabi roka is known as sakhar puda in Maharashtra whereas it’s known as sagai in Haryana. But the reason behind each ceremony is same in all states and religions so it actually doesn’t matter with the name as they are different.
Indian wedding rituals are not just rituals they have a scientific aspect too. Actually, Indian weddings are known for their rituals. Among the many traditions and rituals without which Indian weddings are incomplete. One of the most eminent ceremonies is Mehandi. At the time of this ceremony, Mehandi is applied on the hands and feet of the bride.
While the bride has an elaborate design of her choice applied on her hands while the groom has only token of it. People believe that the darkness of Mehandi describes the amount of love groom has towards the bride. Mehndi is a very powerful medicinal herb. Generally, weddings are stressful and tiring, and often, the stress causes headaches and illness. Application of mehndi can prevent too much stress caused due to a busy and stressful schedule of weddings. Mehandi cools the body and keeps the nerves from becoming tense. This is the reason why mehndi is applied on the hands and feet.
Indian kitchen and food are incomplete without Haldi(turmeric). Turmeric holds a very important place in Indian weddings. This spice is so amazing that Indian weddings are incomplete without this function which involves haldi. The Haldi ceremony is the one in which a paste of haldi is applied to the bride and the groom’s body before their wedding. This ceremony is held at both the bride and the groom’s place, on the day before the wedding. In a few cultures, this ceremony is also held on the day of the wedding, in the morning. Maharashtrian weddings have a special function which involves the grinding of haldi and making powder of it for this haldi ceremony.
People make a paste using haldi and different ingredients according to their individual family customs. Some people mix it with sandalwood powder and milk, and rose water. This paste is then applied on the bride and the groom’s face, neck, hands, and feet, by their near and dear ones. This ceremony is also followed by traditional songs and dances at times.
Sangeet ceremony is the real fun time during whole wedding session. It is a traditional event generally held at the bride’s place a few days before the wedding. Traditions and rituals are the reasons to blend two families together. In sangeet ceremony families of both bride and groom come together to celebrate the happiness of this wedding.
They dance and sing with each other. Sangeet ceremony increases the level of comfort between two families. Till now sangeet ceremony was seen to be celebrated in only north Indian weddings, but nowadays it also takes place in south Indian and Maharashtrian weddings. As the trend is changing in everything related to marriages, these days traditional songs of sangeet ceremony are also replaced by Bollywood songs.